Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI) reports preferences on four scales. They preference scales indicate differences in people as follows:
|Extraversion or Introversion (E/I)||Sensing or Intuition (S/N)|
|Where people prefer to focus their attention and obtain their energy.||The way people prefer to take in information, and ways they become aware of things, people, events or ideas.|
|Thinking or Feeling (T/F)||Judging or Perceiving(J/P)|
|The way people prefer to evaluate and come to conclusions about information, including how they make decisions.||A type of life style and work habits preferred by people; includes how people orient themselves to the external world.|
Further descriptions of these preferences can be found by linking to "Personality Type and Learning."
There is no right or wrong to these preferences - each identifies normal human behavior. People tend to develop behaviors, skills and attitudes associated with their type. Each type has its own potential strengths and weakness.
There are 16 combinations of preferences identified by the MBTI. The results of the MBTI are a "best guess;" your true type must be verified and identified by yourself. After receiving your MBTI results, WNC Counselors can help you determine your best-fit type, which refers to the type pattern that fits you best. No one description or pattern will be a perfect match to who you are.
Brief descriptions of the 16 types follows:
ENFJs tend to be friendly, outgoing and enthusiastic. Relationships are important to them, along with the ability to communicate and connect with others. They are empathetic yet easily hurt. ENFJs lead with good communication skills and warmth to gain cooperation toward meeting the ideals they hold for an individual or organization. They naturally find potential in others and are attuned to other's needs and emotions. Other words to describe an ENFJ include decisive, opinionated, productive, organized and responsible.
ENFPs tend to be talkative, outgoing, curious and playful. They can inspire and energize any group of people. Their enthusiasm for new ways of doing things is often contagious. They never tire of coming up with original possibilities, which are usually insightful or even ingenious. ENFPs make connections between events and information quickly, and proceed based on the patterns they see. They need affirmation from others and willingly give appreciation and support. Other words to describe an ENFP include sensitive, innovative, creative, optimistic, adaptable and resourceful.
ENTJs tend to be friendly, strong willed, outspoken, and logical. They are driven to demonstrate competence and look at things with a global perspective. They have a tendency to be demanding of themselves and others. Usually both frank and knowledgeable, they engage in projects to make their lives and others' more productive. ENTJ types are natural leaders. They organize what they can to accomplish long-range goals. They notice inefficient procedures and develop new systems to solve problems. Other words to describe an ENTJ include decisive, organized, and efficient.
ENTPs tend to be friendly, outgoing, humorous, energetic, flexible and unpredictable. They like change and will seldom do something the same way if they have a choice. They bring enthusiasm and imagination to new projects but often neglect routine assignments. They are sure of the worth of their inspirations and any difficulty along the way is viewed as a stimulating challenge. ENTPs are able to generate conceptual possibilites and analyze them strategically. They enjoy debating for its own sake, and they are good at reading other people. Other words to describe an ENTP include logical, analytical, creative and imaginative.
ESFJs tend to be active, friendly, outgoing, talkative and energetic. They like to put other people at ease and are genuinely convinced that rough times can be overcome if people work together. Natural hosts and hostesses, they pay attention to even the smallest details to make people feel welcome. They are very sensitive and easily hurt. ESFJs put a lot of conscientious energy into making things happen, completing tasks accurately and on time. They follow through in even small matters. Other words to describe an ESFJ include organized, responsible, conventional, realistic, and literal.
ESFPs tend to be warm, gregarious, playful, talkative and impulsive. Fun-loving, they live life to its fullest and are great company. Good natured and openly friendly, they are very curious about what they can see, hear, and know firsthand. They then find ways to adapt to what they've noticed and are good at getting others to adapt. ESFPs have common sense and a realistic approach. Flexible and spontaneous, they easily adapt to new environments and people. Other words to describe an ESFP include active, curious, sensitive, caring, and unpredictable.
ESTJs tend to be energetic, outspoken, friendly, and productive. They make sure that things get done, having firm standards that assist them in running things. They are often campus leaders and prefer traditional leadership styles. They can achieve a tremendous amount when given room to be in charge and when others cooperate. Their talents lie in bringing order, structure, and completion. Efficient organizers, ESTJs are adept at getting things done efficiently while taking care of routine details. They are opinionated, honest, and direct to the point, sometimes being too blunt. Other words to describe an ESTJ include practical, realistic, matter-of-fact, traditional, and accountable.
ESTPs tend to be active, adventurous, talkative, curious and impulsive. They like to have fun and experience life in the here and now, especially enjoying being active with others. They are good-natured problem solvers. ESTPs dislike long explanations and would rather get a few key details about a situation, make a brief recommendation, and then move on to the next problem. Theories and conceptual explanations bore them; they would rather act energetically to solve the problem. Their friendliness leads others to like and listen to them. They enjoy material comforts and style. Other words to describe an ESTP include observant, literal, practical, logical, and fun.
INFJs tend to be independent, thoughtful, warm, reserved, and polite. They are often quietly creative. Usually well prepared when approaching any situation, they seek to bring an original flair to their work; either artistic, poetic, or imaginative in some way. They have a deep faith in their inner vision of human potential and strive to understand others. INFJs develop a clear vision as to what is best for an organization or group, and are organized and decisive in implementing their vision. They seek meaning and connection in ideas and relationships. Other words to describe an INFJ include productive, original, and deliberate.
INFPs tend to be reserved, kind, quiet, sensitive, and dedicated to those close to them. They are more deeply invested in what they do than people realize, being passionate about things important to them. They notice the subtle nuances behind people's words and behavior, and they seek to have personal impact in whatever they do. They too easily take on more than seems possible to accomplish but somehow get it done. INFPs are curious, quick to see possibilities, and adept at implementing ideas. Other words to describe an INFP include creative, original, imaginative, and flexible.
INTJs tend to be autonomous, intellectually curious, aloof, imaginative and innovative. They have independent, original ideas and great drive to achieve their goals. They have a natural talent for outlining contingencies, devising strategy and complex plans to reach goals dictated by a vision of what is needed in the long run. They use analysis and skepticism, valuing competence in themselves and others, and work hard to achieve. INTJs thrive on putting theories to work. They tend to be socially cautious and reserved. Other words to describe an INTJ include analytical, logical, organized and definitive.
INTPs tend to be private, quiet, independent, skeptical and curious. They are mainly interested in new ideas and have little concern for parties or small talk. They can, however, become quite talkative about a topic they have knowledge and interest in. They seek to develop logical explanations for everything that interests them. They have an unusual ability to focus in depth to solve problems. INTPs are interested in theorizing, analyzing, and learning, thriving on exploring, understanding, and explaining how the world works. Other words to describe an INTP include nonconforming, adaptive, and unpredictable.
ISFJs tend to be cautious, gentle, friendly and thoughtful. Extremely dependable, ISFJ types accept responsibilities beyond the call of duty. They genuinely care for people and work tirelessly in their behalf, yet they can be uncompromising regarding things they believe in. When in charge of something, their practical judgment and appreciation of what works make them conservative and consistent. ISFJs are thorough, painstaking and accurate, noticing specifics about people they care about. They like to live in a stable, predictable environment. Other words to describe an ISFJ include literal, diligent, conscientious, organized and decisive.
ISFPs tend to be kind, humble, empathetic, thoughtful, and faithful. Friendly and quiet, they usually do not care to lead but are loyal followers. They enjoy the present moment and have a quiet sense of humor. They are modest about their abilities, seek to please others, and avoid disagreements whenever possible. They are loyal and committed to their values and to people who are important to them. ISFPs like to have their own space and to work within their own time frame, wanting the freedom to vary what they do until they have achieved the right affect. Their talents lie in combining, varying, and improvising. Other words to describe an ISFP include adaptable, responsive, curious, realistic and down to earth.
ISTJs tend to be conservative, quiet, realistic, practical, and careful. They like to be accurate and they usually are. Others can win bets on an ISTJs promise to provide practical information. The data will be clear, on time (if not early), and exactly in the form promised. They are among the most reliable and dependable members of any group. They decide logically what should be done and work toward it steadily regardless of distractions. ISTJ's like to make sure everything in their life is orderly and organized, and take pleasure from being of service to others. They are usually resistant to change and comfortable with routine. Other words to describe an ISTJ include precise, honest, and matter of fact.
ISTPs tend to be logical, pragmatic, quiet, autonomous, and aloof. They are cool onlookers, analyzing life with detached curiosity. They exert themselves only when necessary, wanting not to waste energy. They tend to be observers until a problem appears, then act quickly to find workable solutions. They thrive on challenging situations as long as they have the freedom to come up with clever solutions and do whatever it takes to fix things and make them work. ISTPs analyze what makes things work and will sort through large amounts of information to isolate the core of problems. Other words to describe an ISTP include realistic, flexible, resourceful, objective and curious.