Liberal Arts > Philosophy

General Information


I. Catalog Course Description

Studies the major religious philosophic beliefs found in the Old and New Testaments along with the way these concepts were modified in post-biblical cosmology.


II. Course Objectives and Linkage to General Education Program

The information in the parentheses after a course objective refers to the specific general education (GE) learning outcome that the objective meets. Objectives without this information are not linked to WNC’s general education program.

Students who pass this course must demonstrate they can:

  • Identify the major historical events and cultures that shaped the formation of Hebrew and Christian Scriptures; (GE1)
  • identify the major historical events and cultures that shaped the formation of Judaism, Christianity and Islam; (GE1, GE5)
  • identify and explain the moral, theological and philosophical themes of Judaism and Christianity; (GE1, GE5)
  • analyze and interpret primary sources from Ancient Mesopotamia, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; (GE2) and
  • research and critically evaluate one significant topic that relates to a significant contemporary or enduring problem in Judeo-Christian history or scriptures. (GE2, GE4, and GE6)

III. Topics

  • Ancient Mesopotamian Religions
    • Enuma Elish
    • Gilgamesh
    • Hammurabi’s Code
  • Biblical Criticism
    • Source Criticism (i.e. Wellhausen’s Documentary Hypothesis)
    • Historical Criticism
  • Origins of Judaism
    • Abrahamic Covenants
    • Akedah
    • Moses & Mosaic Covenants
    • Davidic Covenant
  • The History of the Divided Kingdoms
    • Judah and Israel
    • Assyrian Invasion
    • Babylonian Exile
  • Post-Exile Israel
    • Persian Influence – Zoroastrianism
    • Greek Influence
    • Septuagint
    • Maccabbees’ Revolt
  • Judaism before and after Roman rule
    • Factions of Judaism (e.g. Essenes & Dead Sea Scrolls, etc.)
    • Destruction of Temple & Diaspora
    • Rabbinic Judaism
    • The formation of the TANAKH
  • The Jesus Movement
    • Historical Jesus
    • Gospels and Early Christian Literature
    • Non-Canonical Gospels (e.g., Thomas, etc.)
  • Christianity before 325 C.E.
    • New Religious Movement (111 C.E.)
    • Gnosticism
    • Marcionism
    • Irenaeus
    • Persecution
  • Constantine & Early Christian Councils
    • Edict of Milan
    • Council of Nicaea
    • New Testament Canon
    • Council of Chalcedon
    • Eastern Fathers’ views on Trinity
    • Augustine on Original Sin
  • Rise of Islam
    • Life of Muhammad
    • Muslim Beliefs and Practices
    • Muslim Philosophers
    • Factions of Islam
  • Early Philosophical Perspectives
    • Maimonides
    • Thomas Aquinas
    • Averroes
  • Mysticism
    • Judaism – Kabbalah
    • Christianity
    • Islam – Sufism
  • Reform Movements
    • John Wycliffe
    • Martin Luther
    • John Calvin
    • H. Zwingli
    • Henry VIII

Scheduled PHIL-200 classes:

Fall 2019

There are currently no PHIL-200 classes scheduled for this term.